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“S” is for Schofield, Martha (1839-1916)

“S” is for Schofield, Martha (1839-1916). Educator. A native of Pennsylvania, Schofield was reared in a Quaker household that was strongly anti-slavery. She began her teaching career in 1858 and during the Civil War taught at a Quaker school for African American students in Philadelphia. In 1865 she moved to South Carolina to help educate former enslaved persons in the Sea Islands. She then moved to Aiken where she built a large private residential school, which was later known as Schofield Normal and Industrial School. The school developed a good reputation for its academic standards and for its agricultural, home economics, industrial, and craft training programs. Many graduates went into teaching and were certified by the state as college graduates. The Aiken public high school for African American students was named for Martha Schofield.

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Dr. Walter Edgar has two programs on South Carolina Public Radio: Walter Edgar's Journal, and South Carolina from A to Z. Dr. Edgar received his B.A. degree from Davidson College in 1965 and his Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina in 1969. After two years in the army (including a tour of duty in Vietnam), he returned to USC as a post-doctoral fellow of the National Archives, assigned to the Papers of Henry Laurens.