Walter Edgar

"S" is for Spoleto

Oct 8, 2019
South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spoleto. In 1977, the composer Gian Carlo Menotti, backed by the National Endowment for the Arts, chose Charleston as the home for the American counterpart of his festival in Spoleto, Italy. He ran the festival himself. When he angrily pulled out in 1993, few thought that the festival would survive. It nearly did not. But by the turn of the twenty-first century, Spoleto was flourishing. It developed a substantial endowment and an even more substantial reputation for quality, variety, innovation, and, not least, for nurturing young artists.

"S" is for Spirituals

Oct 7, 2019
South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spirituals. With both sacred and secular influences, spirituals reflect the strong interplay between African American cultural traditions and those of European Americans. Scots-Irish in the backcountry and English and French settlers on the coast introduced a rich variety of church hymnody. Slaves and freedman introduced West African music styles. One of the primary focuses of both black and white spiritual music rests with an emphasis on group participation and improvisation.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spillane, Frank Morrison (1918-2006). Author. Nicknamed “Mickey” by his Irish Catholic father, Spillane was born in Brooklyn. In 1940 he began work for Gunnies, Inc., a Manhattan comic-books producer. After service in World War II, he returned to New York and the comic-book business. Needing money for a house, he turned out his first novel, I, the Jury, (1947), in three weeks. The protagonist, Mike Hammer, a hard-drinking investigator fond of buxom women and vigilante justice became a household name. Spillane and his family moved to Murrells Inlet in 1953.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolinians for Eisenhower. South Carolinians for Eisenhower was formed by Columbia attorney Douglas McKay to support the candidacy of Republican presidential nominee Dwight Eisenhower. Its ranks included anti-Truman Democrats, independents, and former Dixiecrats. It secured fifty thousand signatures on petitions to place on the ballot a slate of electors pledged to Eisenhower that was separate from the slate of the regular Republican organization.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spencer, James Alexander (1850-1911). Legislator, educator. Spencer was born in Charleston, the son of free persons of color. He acquired a good education and, like his parents, was a practicing Roman Catholic. From 1874 to 1876 he represented Abbeville County in the South Carolina House of Representatives. Returning to Charleston, Spencer became the principal black Catholic in the city. He was resolute in his conviction that blacks and whites should be treated equally in the church.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Caroliniana Library. The South Caroliniana Library building was completed in 1840 as the central library building for South Carolina College (later the University of South Carolina). It was the first freestanding college library building in the United States, predating those of Harvard (1841), Yale (1846) and Princeton (1873). By 1850 the library’s collections were considered among the best in the nation. After the Civil War, the library’s fortunes rose and fell through decades of unsteady funding.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolina Wildlife Federation. Founded in 1931, the South Carolina Wildlife Federation (SCWF) was established by outdoor enthusiasts concerned with protecting and preserving the natural heritage of their state. In partnership with the National Wildlife Federation, the nonprofit organization strives to facilitate cooperative efforts of sportsmen and conservationists to advocate sound environmental stewardship and enhance wildlife habitats.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spence, Floyd Davidson (1928-2001). Legislator, congressman. An all-state football player, Spence attended the University of South Carolina on a football scholarship. He later received his law degree from USC. In 1956 he was elected to the South Carolina House as a Democrat from Lexington County. He was one of the first legislators to switch to the Republican Party. In 1962 he lost a close race for a seat in Congress. In 1966 he was elected to the state Senate. \Four years later he was elected to Congress, representing the Second Congressional District.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolina State University. The institution was founded in 1896 in Orangeburg as the Colored Normal, Industrial, Agricultural, and Mechanical College of South Carolina. The school was supported in part by funds provided by the Morrill Land-Grant Act. During its early years the college was devoted to training black youngsters to be teachers, farmers, homemakers, and skilled artisans. The college grew steadily despite hostility to its existence. Among its earliest graduates were biologist Ernest F. Just and Morehouse College president Benjamin E. Mays.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spartanburg Pellagra Hospital. The pellagra hospital in Spartanburg was the nation’s first facility dedicated to discovering the cause of that baffling and serious disorder. In 1914, with a special congressional appropriation, the U.S. Public Health Service established the hospital primarily as a research facility. Dr. Joseph Goldberger, an epidemiologist, needed a clinic to conduct metabolic studies on pellagra to establish dietary deficiencies as the cause of the disease that had reached epidemic proportions.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolina State Museum. The South Carolina State Museum opened in 1988—in the renovated Mount Vernon Mill in Columbia. In1973 the General Assembly formed the South Carolina State Museum Commission.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spartanburg Methodist College. Spartanburg Methodist College is a four-year institution related to the United Methodist Church and located in western Spartanburg County. The college traces its roots to the Textile Industrial Institute (TII) founded in 1911 by David English Comak—pastor of Duncan Memorial Methodist Church in the Spartan Mill village. As a student, Comak had been inspired by Wofford College’s president about the plight of southern textile workers and determined to devote his life to a ministry among mill workers.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolina State Library. An independent agency, the South Carolina State Library assists libraries throughout the state in meeting the informational, educational, cultural, and recreational needs of its citizens. In 1929 the General Assembly created the State Public Library Association and the State Library Board to assist in establishing quality countywide services across the state. The federal Works Projects Administration (WPA) was instrumental in establishing a measure of public library service to all counties between 1935 and 1943.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for Spartanburg County Museum of Art. Located on South Spring Street in Spartanburg, the Spartanburg County Museum of Art was founded in 1907 with the acquisition of The Girl With Red Hair, an oil on canvas by Ashcan school artist Robert Henri. From that initial acquisition, the permanent collection has grown to more than 250 pieces of fine art and sculpture. Many well-known artists with ties to the upstate are represented in the collection.

South Carolina From A to Z
SC Public Radio

"S" is for South Carolina Society. The South Carolina Society is a social and benevolent organization established in Charleston in 1737. Its membership has included gentlemen of the highest rank in the history of both the city and the state. The society was founded by Huguenots--mostly artisans and small merchants--who gathered weekly at a local tavern and collected funds for the relief of their distressed countrymen. Within a few years the French character of the organization was diluted by the admission of English, Scots-Irish, and Scots members.

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