South Carolina from A to Z

All Stations: Mon-Fri, throughout the day

From Hilton Head to Caesars Head, and from the Lords Proprietors to Hootie and the Blowfish, historian Walter Edgar mines the riches of the South Carolina Encyclopedia to bring you South Carolina from A to Z. (A production of South Carolina Public Radio.)

  "Y" is for Yellow Jessamine, the state flower.

"F" is for Freedom Rides

Nov 28, 2014

  “F” is for Freedom Rides [1961-1962]. The Freedom Rides were a series of bus trips through the South designed to force compliance with the US Supreme Court decisions banning segregation in interstate bus travel. In May1961, the Congress of Racial Equality launched the first Freedom Ride, sending an interracial group of thirteen on commercial buses from Washington, DC, to New Orleans. The route included stops in Rock Hill, Winnsboro, and Sumter.

“D” is for Dorchester. In 1697 Congregationalists from Massachusetts settled on the north bank of the Ashley River, about twenty miles northwest of Charleston. Dorchester was a small market village, but it played a significant role in the economy and society of the upper Ashley. Local Anglicans completed the parish church of St. George’s Dorchester in the center of the village in 1720 and opened a free school in 1761. During the French and Indian War, the colony erected a tabby fort and brick powder magazine in Dorchester.

“C” is for Charismatics. Charismatics are mainline Christians who speak in tongues and practice such gifts of the Holy Spirit as prophecy and healing. While some Episcopal and Roman Catholics sponsor regular charismatic prayer services, a more visible outgrowth of the movement is large independent congregations described as “full-gospel” or “charismatic.” The movement began in the 1960s in California among Episcopalians and in the mid-west among Catholics. Southern Baptists strongly opposed speaking in tongues.

“B” is for Best Friend of Charleston. Commissioned by the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company, the Best Friend of Charleston was the firs locomotive built in the United State for public service. Constructed in New York City at the West Point Foundry to run on the Charleston-Hamburg line, the Best Friend was christened by hopeful supporters on its arrival in Charleston in October 1830. The locomotive had its formal debut on Christmas Day 1830, pulling passenger cars from Charleston to Dorchester.

“A” is for Attakulla Kulla [d. ca. 1780]. Cherokee leader. Diplomat. Attakull Kulla, also known as Little Carpenter was an influential leader of the Cherokees in the midd-1700s. As a diplomat, he worked to advance the causes of the Overhill Cherokees of eastern Tennessee, especially in the area of trade problems. In the spring of 1730, he was part of a delegation of Cherokees taken to London to cement a recent allegiance to King George II.

"C" is for Cardozo, Francis Lewis.

"B" is for Barry, Catharine Moore.

"A" is for Allen, William Hervey, Jr.

"W" is for Wells, Helena.

"T" is for Timber

Nov 17, 2014

"T" is for Timber.

"S" is for Salley, Eulalie Chafee.

"R" is for the Reformed Episcopal Church.

"P" is for Paul, Marian Baxter.

"O" is for Owens Field

Nov 11, 2014

"O" is for Owens Field.

"N" is for Ninety-Six, the Battles of...

"L" is for LeConte, Joseph

"J" is for John's Island Presbyterian Church

"I" is for Isle of Palms

Nov 4, 2014

"I" is for Isle of Palms

"H" is for Happyville

Nov 3, 2014

"H" is for Happyville

"S" is for Secession Crisis of 1850-51.

"R" is for Riverbanks Zoo and Garden.

"P" is for Piedmont

Oct 29, 2014

"P" is for Piedmont.

"M" is for McCleod, Thomas Gordon.

“L” is for Local Government. Local Government in South Carolina consists of general-purpose governments and special-purpose governments. Counties and municipalities comprise the general-purpose governments. Special-purpose governments include school districts and special-purpose districts such as fire, recreation, sewer and water districts. The most significant special purpose districts in the state are the eighty-five school districts. The state constitution and statutes specify the basic governance structure and the general powers, duties, and authorities of counties and municipalities.

“E” is for Eutaw Springs, Battle of

Oct 23, 2014

“E” is for Eutaw Springs, Battle of [September 8 1781]. The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major engagement in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. In the bloody encounter, some two thousand Continental and militia soldiers commanded by General Nathanael Greene clashed with 2,300 British Regulars and Loyalists under Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Stewart. Although Greene was forced to leave the field, the British were equally mauled and retreated to Charleston, abandoning the upcountry.

“D” is for Drayton, William Henry [1742-1779]. Revolutionary Leader. Planter. He was educated in England. In 1769, his essay in the South Carolina Gazette, opposing the non-importation association, created a political firestorm that resulted in his being ostracized politically, socially, and economically. He went to England where he hoped his views would be more appreciative. In England, he published The Letters of Freeman, a compilation of his essays in favor of British imperial policy—which won for him a seat on South Carolina’s Royal Council.

“C” is for Charleston Ironwork. Elements of decorative iron first appeared on Charleston buildings during the middle decades of the eighteenth century. Crafted by local blacksmiths, they closely followed the designs of British architect and furniture designer, Robert Adam. After the revolution, the designs of local architects and blacksmiths dominated the production of Charleston wrought iron. Among the noted pieces from this era is the much-celebrated Sword Gate, designed by Charles Reichert and forged by Christopher Werner.

“B” is for Black Business Districts. Prior to the Civil War, free persons of color in South Carolina owned businesses—generally in the service industry—such as blacksmith and harness shops. These businesses served and operated within both the black and white communities. Once segregation was enacted in the 1890s, black business districts appeared. Jim Crow laws forced many businesses either to operate separate facilities for black customers—or deny them service. Black entrepreneurs stepped in to establish operations in which African Americans could be served with courtesy and dignity.

“E” is for Evans, Matilda Arabella [1872-1935]. Physician. A native of Aiken, Evans attended Schofield Normal and Industrial School, Oberlin College’s preparatory school, and the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia. Aware of the inadequate health care available for black Carolinians, she decided to improve medical care and sanitation in her home state. Evans became the first female physician in Columbia. She treated both black and white patients in her home.