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“R” is for Rose Hill Plantation

South Carolina from A to Z logo

    “R” is for Rose Hill Plantation [Union County]. Rose Hill Plantation was the home of South Carolina governor William Henry Gist—one of the South’s “fire-eating” politicians who actively sought secession. Constructed between 1828 and 1832, the mansion at Rose Hill is a large but simple house with a symmetrical plan and solid masonry walls. It has. Federal-style fanlights, slender fluted columns flanking entries and hearths, delicate rope molding, and a graceful curving staircase. The two-story front and rear classical porticoes and stucco cladding were added later, possibly around 1860. By the 1930s the house had seriously deteriorated. Concerned citizens purchased the former plantation in the hopes of preserving it as a Confederate shrine. In 1960 the state of South Carolina purchased Rose Hill Plantation and opened it to the public as a state park.

Dr. Walter Edgar has two programs on South Carolina Public Radio: Walter Edgar's Journal, and South Carolina from A to Z. Dr. Edgar received his B.A. degree from Davidson College in 1965 and his Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina in 1969. After two years in the army (including a tour of duty in Vietnam), he returned to USC as a post-doctoral fellow of the National Archives, assigned to the Papers of Henry Laurens.