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“K” is for Kilpatrick, James (ca. 1696-1770). Physician, medical writer, poet.

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“K” is for Killpatrick (sometimes spelled Kilpatrick), James (ca. 1696-1770). Physician, medical writer, poet. A native of Ireland, Kilpatrick immigrated to South Carolina around 1717. He practiced medicine and established a pharmacy. During the smallpox epidemic of 1738, he became one of the foremost champions of the controversial new practice of inoculation. He defended the practice in a series of articles in the South Carolina Gazette an a pamphlet: An Essay on Inoculation Occasioned by the Smallpox Being Brought into South Carolina in the Year 1738. He left Charleston for London where he established a successful medical practice. His Essay on Inoculation and a later publication Analysis of Inoculation brought him widespread recognition. James Kilpatrick achieved financial success as an inoculator of British aristocrats, the French royal family, and some wealthy Carolinians.

Dr. Walter Edgar has two programs on South Carolina Public Radio: Walter Edgar's Journal, and South Carolina from A to Z. Dr. Edgar receivedhisA.B.degreefromDavidson College in 1965 and his Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina in 1969. After two years in the army (including a tour of duty in Vietnam), he returned to USC as a post-doctoral fellow of the National Archives, assigned to the Papers of Henry Laurens.