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“M” is for Manigault, Gabriel (1758-1809)

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“M” is for Manigault, Gabriel (1758-1809). Architect. While studying law in England in the 1770s, Manigault became familiar with the work of the Scottish architect Robert Adam. He returned to Charleston in 1780 familiar with Adam’s brand of neoclassicism. He brought to the city an architectural conception that bridged the Anglo-Palladianism of the mid-eighteenth century and the emergence of the Greek revival in the 1820s. He is generally created with designing the Branch Bank of the United States , an elegant building dominated by a two-story hall across its façade. In 1818 the building became Charleston. City Hall. He produced a more fully realized example of Adamesque classicism in his design for the South Carolina Society Hall. Gabriel Manigault was Charleston’s leading “gentleman architect”” of the early national period.

Dr. Walter Edgar has two programs on South Carolina Public Radio: Walter Edgar's Journal, and South Carolina from A to Z. Dr. Edgar receivedhisA.B.degreefromDavidson College in 1965 and his Ph.D. from the University of South Carolina in 1969. After two years in the army (including a tour of duty in Vietnam), he returned to USC as a post-doctoral fellow of the National Archives, assigned to the Papers of Henry Laurens.